Shree Durgashtottarsathanama Strotram – The 108 Names of Goddess Durga

Navrathri celebrations have begun. A perfect time to recite the 108 auspicious names of The Mother. Walking back to my room to put the SreeRamCharit Manas down by the Gods, this book literally leapt into my hands. As if the beautiful Goddess was saying,’Have you forgotten me?’

I opened it and out emerged a small copy of Hanuman Chalisa that I had kept inside it, a long time before. I could only smile at the Magic of it all.

(Reference:ShriDurgasaptashati , Gita Press, Gorakhpur)

Dedicated to Paramambika:

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“Satnam pravashyamy shrinushva kamalanane/

Yasya prasadamathrena Durga preetha bhaveth sati//

Om Sati Sadhvi Bhavapreetha Bhavani Bhavmochini…

Katyayini cha Savitri Pratyaksha Brahmavadini”

( The Names: 1.Sati 2. Sadhvi 3. Bhavapreetha 4. Bhavani 5. Bhavmochini….105.Katyayini  106. Savitri 107. Pratyaksha 108.Brahmavadini)

Interpretation:

Lord Shiv tells  his consort Goddess Parvathy- Hey lotus faced one! I will now recite/ describe the Ashtotarsatnaam( 108 holy names); listen, this eulogy on being read or listened to, will supremely please Durga the Pure.

Sati, Sadhvi,Bhavapreetha,( the one who is pleased with/is in love with, Shiv) Bhavani,Bhavmochini( The one who frees you from worldly ties), Arya,Durga, Jaya, Aadya, Trinetra,Shooldharini,Pinakadharini( the one who wields the Shiv Dhanush or bow), Chitra,Chandaghanta( the one who rings bells in a majestic/ frightening/prachanda manner), Mahatapa ( the one who undertakes excruciating penance),Man( The Mind force), Buddhi( intelligence), Ahamkara(The refuge of ego), Chittaroopa, Chita,Chiti( chetana or consciousness),Sarvamantramayi, Satta( satswaroopa),Satyanandaswaroopini,( the incarnation of truth and joy),Ananta( The one which is endless), Bhavini( the one which is the origin of it all), Bhaavya(The one who attracts meditation and imagination), Bhavya( Prosperity personified),Abhavya( Nothing exists that is more Bhavya than Her), Sadagati,Shambavi(Shivpriya),Devamata,Chintha,Ratnapriya,Sarvavidya,Dakshakanya,Dakshayagyavinashini(THeOne who destroyed Daksha’s rites),Aparna( the one who relinquished even leaves during her penance),Anekavarna ( The multicoloured One),Patala( The Red Coloured One), Patalavathy ( The one who wears a red rose or red flower),Pattambarapareedhana ( The One who wears silk robes), Kalamanjeeraranjini ( The one who is pleased by playing the hand cymbals which emits melodious tunes),Ameyavikrama( The one with limitless valour), Kroora( Cruel to Daityas or Evil Beings), Sundari( Beautiful),SurSundari(Divine Beauty),VanDurga,Matangi( Daughter of Matang),Matangamunipoojita( Worshipped by Sage Matanga), Brahmi, Maheshwari,Eindri( the powerful), Kaumary( Mother of Kartikeya),Vaishnavi,Chamunda,Varahy,Lakshmi,Purrushakriti,Vimala,Utkarshini, Gyana,Kriya,Nitya,Buddhida,Bahula( Abundant), Bahulprema, Sarvavahanvahana,( the carrier of all),NishumbhaShumbha Hanani( the one who kills Nishumbha and Shumbha),Mahishasuramardini,Madhukaidabhahantri( the one who caused the end of Madhukaidavas), Chandamundavinashini,Sarvasuravinasini, Sarvadanavaghatini( the one who ends all danavas),Sarvasastramayi( The one learned in all Sastras/Forms of learning), Satya,Sarvastradharini( the one equipped with/wearing all Sastras/weapons),Anekasastrahasta( the one whose hands are full of weapons),Kumari, Ekakanya,Kaishori,Yuvati,Yati( the detached- one who has controlled all senses and emotions ),Aprauda( the one who never gets old )Prauda(old),Vriddhmata, Balaprada,Mahodari,( the one with a big stomach that holds the Universe), Muktakesi,( The one with free flowing tresses),Ghoraroopa,Mahabala,Agnijwala( the flame of fire),Raudramukhi( the One with a ferocious face),Kalarathri,Tapaswini,Narayani,BhadraKali,VishnuMaya,Jalodari,Shivdoothi,Karali,Anantha( Vinasarahita- the one which cannot be destroyed),Parameshwari,Katyayani,Savitri,Pratyaksha,Brahmavadini(  the One who is expounding the Vedas)
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Note: If you explore different sources, slight variations of meanings emerge.
E.g Chandraghanta vs Chandaghanta ( the one who can soothe like moonlight, the one who can cause the ringing of fierce bells )
Ameya and Vikrama as two different names( Inmeasurable, Fierce) vs Ameyavikrama( Aseem parakramwali)
Vimala and Utkarshini as two different names vs Vimalotkarshini( Giver of Joy)
Ananta comes twice as Name 25, Name 103:
Name 25- Jinke Swaroop ka kahi anth nahi- the one whose existence has no end
Name103-Vinasharahita, indestructible…immeasurable is also another synonym used

**There are 108 Names for Lakshmi and 108 Names for Saraswati which are different from these.
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Jai Mata Di

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